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  并列句和大旨复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

瑞典语不难句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点一

  并列复合句是由五个或七个以上并列而又独自的不难句构成。多个不难句常由并列连接词连在1起;但有时并非连接词,只在七个大致句之间用一逗号或分行。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  1.as…as.。。引导的可比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被相比对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像您同样学习努力。

  贰、常见的并列句:

阿拉伯语不难句、并列句、复合句解析

  (贰)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (壹) 用来连接三个并列概念的连年词有and , not only…but also…,
neither…nor…等,and所连接的前后分句往往代表先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持1致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第三个分句用以后时。

简言之句、并列句和复合句

  二.only辅导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (2) 表示在两者之间接选举取3个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or
else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第3个分句用今后时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
只有任劳任怨、正直,一位在生活中才能不负众望。 

  (3) 申明五个概念互相有龃龉、相反或许转载,
常用的三番五次词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态1致。

  1. 简短句只包涵1个主谓结构.

  2. 八种简单句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  唯有那位女子知道哪些解那道题。

  (四) 表明原委, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

1) 主+谓. He comes at last.

  三.wish带领的虚拟语气:wish
后边的从句,当代表与真情相反的状态,或代表以往不太只怕实现的心愿时,其宾语从句的动词格局为: 

  (五) 表示结果,用延续词so, 前后分句时态一致。

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴表示对明天景况的虚构:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的驾鹤归西式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
小编期望知晓这些题材的答案。(可惜不明白。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主+谓+宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵表示对过去情状的虚构:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

  主从复合句由3个主句和多个或2个上述的从句构成。主句为句子的本位,从句只用作句子的多少个附带成分,不可能独立成为1个句子。从句平日由关联词携带,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在联合。如:While
the grandparents love the children, they are strict with
them.(曾外祖父曾祖母们很爱孩子,同时对她们也严酷必要。) / It seemed as if the
meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else)
you’ll be late.(快点, 要不然就来比不上了。) / However I cook eggs, the
child still refuses to eat
them.(不管我用怎么样艺术煮鸭蛋,小孩依然不肯吃。)

4) 主+谓+间宾+直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
笔者后悔不应当浪费这么多时光。( 实际3月经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶表示对以后的无理意愿:谓语动词情势为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在那种情形下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能够同1,因为主句的主语所企盼的从句动作能不能够完成,取决于从句主语的神态或希望(非动作名词除了这些之外)
。 

  从句按其在复合句中的作用,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各项)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能止住。 

  三、各从句在句子中的地方以及用法:

同仁一视句:八个或多个以上的简约句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,能够表示请求,常常意味着说话人的不适或不满。

  (一)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它置身主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  笔者盼望您安然一些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is
because you are so clever.

  1. 表示顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  四.it方式宾语:和it 作格局主语1样,  我们常用it 来作情势宾语,
把真的的宾语从句放在句末, 那种处境愈加出现在带复合宾语的语句中。

  (二) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他声明他不会投降。 

  一主导格局:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

  贰 关于宾语从句连词的取舍:

  1. 代表选取事关和否定条件的有or(照旧,不然)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。大家越害怕困难,困难就会变得越强大。

  若从句出自贰个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that能够差不多;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点2

  若从句出自三个貌似疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  1. 宾语从句:壹般难点句做宾语,引进if或whether

  若从句出自三个特种疑问句,则连词就是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 表示转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of
human beings.(他们相信总计机终将代替人类。) (从句本来正是陈述句)/ I
wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster.
(作者不明了是或不是该为她在校长眼前说点什么。) (从句出自一般问句Shall Isay something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could
get such medicine. (他问作者在何方能搞到那么的药。)
(从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.纵然她年轻,但工作努力。

  2. 原因状语从句:since教导的

  叁宾语从句的时态难点:如若主句是现行反革命时,从句则用前几天某一时态,甚至能够用过去时;

  1. 意味着因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是病故时,从句则附和地选择过去某临时态,遭受客观真理时如故用先天时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(小编想本学期笔者的日语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问那些男孩地球是还是不是圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 小编的腿疼,因而作者去看医务卫生职员。

  3. 否定词后置倒装:scarcely…when。.

  四 下列结构前面包车型大巴从句一般也视作宾语从句看待:

考试场点3 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad +that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late.
(对不起,我迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment.
(恐怕他此时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的带领词

  4. If虚拟条件句

  (3)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其职分能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句能够分成时间、地方、原因、指标、结果、比较、退让、条件等两种。状语从句由从属连接词带领。

(一)指引 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中时时省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

  时间状语从句普通由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等教导。时间状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句不允许接纳今后时,而应当用现时时替代。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with 萨姆.
(你完了工作就足以出来和吉米一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (阿娘回来了自家才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  伍. 宾语从句:放在介词前面,作介词的宾语。

  地方状语从句普通由 where, wherever等指引。如:Go back where you came
from! (哪儿来还滚到哪个地方去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(作者永久也不会遗忘去抓住那一个偷作者项链的贼,无论她会在哪个地方。)

(贰) 辅导1般难题句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

  原因状语从句经常由because, since,
as等引导,1般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had
found a good university for him.
(他出国了,因为他老爸给她找了1所好大学。)

She asked me if\ whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  陆.状语从句简单(分词作状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从容易选取分词作者状语。例句:

  指标状语从句普通由so that…, so…hat…, in order that…
等指点,往往放在句尾,从句中一般含有can / could / may /
might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first
train. (他起身更早为的是碰见第2班车。)

(三) 辅导特殊疑问句,要用原来的卓殊疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句通常由 so that…, so…that…
等引导,放在句尾。结果状语从句1般代表曾经发生的事情,故多为过去时态。如:He
lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one.
(他丢了那么多辆自行车,他决定再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点3

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  一.并列句:由and, or , but连接的三个句子成为并列句。

  相比较状语从句普通由as, than, as
(so)…as等指点,一般大致从句的谓语部分,只剩余人词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane
is much taller than I/me. (Jane比自个儿高多了。) / I don’t have as many
books as you (do). (作者书没有您多)

I want to know when the train left.

  二.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者情形适用于后人”。例句:

  退让状语从句平日由though (although), as, even if( even though),
however, whatever等辅导。如:伊夫n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I
will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me.
(就算你替笔者还了债笔者也不会多谢你,因为它与自个儿毫毫不相关系。) / He wears a
T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了1件外套衫,固然天非常冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句平时由if, unless, as longas等教导,条件状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句区别意选用以往时,而应该用今后时替代。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (即将到来的期末考试你肯定考不如格,除非您更用心。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(借使明日不降水我们就要去徒步旅行。)

(一)主句是形似今后时,壹般以后时或祈使句,宾语从句可依据实际需求采取各样时态。

  三.定语从句 who引导的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意]
1、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不可能同在二个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教大家韩文的不行女孩啊?

  二、时间、条件、原因,妥洽状语从句放在句首时要求用逗号与主句隔离。

(贰) 主句是过去时态,宾语从句应利用过去时的应和时态。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (四)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  肆.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

  1 定语从句的地方:放在名词或代词的后面。如:The man who has an
umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是自己的父辈。)

(3)
如若宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么样时态,从句都用一般未来时。

  伍.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

  贰语法术语的更改:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;引导定语从句的总是词称为关系词,在那之中that、which、who称为涉及代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  六.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since
的不一样之处在于,now that
引出的总得是一个新出现的真情或状态,就算仍旧照旧,和过去对照并从未转变,则不用
now that 指点。

  3 关系代词或关系副词的意义:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然我们把具有材质都准备好了,大家应有及时开端那项新的行事。

  关系代词who、whom
和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物,
有时也指人,它们在从句中能够作主语或宾语。定语从句中提到代词作者从句宾语时可以简简单单。This
is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days.
(这些正是我们近日径直在找的小偷。) / Please find a room which is big
enough for all of us to live in. (请找壹间丰硕大能住下大家一切的屋子。)

1)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?”
(改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because
引导的从句如若身处句末,且前面有逗号,则能够用并列连词 for
来取代。但假使不是认证直接原因,而是多样情状再说猜测,就只可以用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他后天没来,因为她病倒了。

  关系副词when或where带领定语从句时,它们在从句中分头作时间状语和地方状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(那是3个礼拜前他们吵架的房间。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (小编永久不会遗忘第贰回探望您的日子。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  捌. 缘故状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  肆限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中无法简单,不然主句意思就不完全。非限制性定语从句和主句之间数14次用逗号分开,那种从句是一种附加表达,要是从句子中节约,也不致于影响主句的情致。如:She
spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us
had heard of.
(她多少个夜晚都在谈论她多年来的书,大家1人都尚未听他们说过那本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  九. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  1、关系代词只可以用that的情事:

3) — Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 合资化的优点在于能带动相互竞争。

  超过行词是指事物的不安代词(all,
anything等),或事先词部分含有最高级,或包罗序数词时,不能够用别的的涉及代词,只好用that.
如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉笔者的话就像不实事求是。) /
Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside?
(能还是无法给本人点里面未有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that
runs in our city. (那是率先辆运维于笔者市的双层公共交通车。)

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  10. 不定式:不定式做目标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

  贰、关系代词在从句中作主语时相似用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

  小说来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner?
(你认识那些在角落里哭泣的女孩子吗?) / Do not tell me any words that have
nothing to do with me. (跟自家毫无干系的话,请多少个字也休想说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  三、关系代词作者从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词日常省略。

考试场点肆 状语从句

  如:Tom’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(汤姆的老爸是我们教育工作者先是个出口的人。)

壹、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  肆、当提到代词紧跟在介词后边时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又足以动用that或who.

一.地方状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the
room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

地点状语从句平常由 where 辅导。

  (五)
主语从句:在句子中担任句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词在此之前。经常由that,whether以及难点连词引导。一般景色下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(大家该在如哪一天候先河依然个难点呢。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  一、直接引语和直接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原来的言语,称为直接引语。在挥洒时,直接引语用引号。用自个儿的词语来转述表达原来说话人说的剧情,称为直接引语。

2.岁月状语从句(主句用未来时,从句用1般现在时)

  2、间接引语改变为直接引语:

时刻状语从句的带领词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

  一、直接引语倘使是陈述句,变为直接引语时应注意以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  一不用引号,而用接二连三词that,但神跡可粗略。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  二人叫做相应变更;

三.准绳状语从句

  3主句里的动词假如是病故时,直接引语中的时态壹般应作相应改变:
壹般今后时变壹般过去时;1般今后时变过去以往时;今后举办时变过去实行时;将来到位时变成过去到位时;一般过去时改为过去形成时;但壹般过去时如与一个实际的去世时间连用,则时态不变。

在尺度状语从句中,常用的引导词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

  →Mr Smith said to his girl friend that he had not seen her for a
long time.

四.缘故状语从句

  2、直接引语即便是1般疑问句,变为直接引语时,需用从属连接词whether或if引导,词序要转移。如:Lin
Tao said to Miss Green, “Is it made in China?” →Lin Tao asked Miss Greenif it was made in China.

原因状语从句常用的引导词有because, as, since(既然)等

  三、直接引语假若是异样疑问句,变为直接引语时,需用疑问词携带,词序是:连词+主语+谓语。

He didn’tcome because he was ill.

  如:Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could
help.

Since weare students, we should study hard.

  四、直接引语如是祈使句,变直接引语时,须将祈使句变为动词不定式,并在动词不定式前用tell,
ask, order. 如:He said to the little boy,“ Come here, young man! ”

*Because 和so 无法在一个句子中同时选取。

  →He asked the little boy to go there.

  1. 结果状语从句

  五、直接引语变为直接引语时,提醒代词以及代表时间和地点的词或词组应作相应变更

结果状语从句首要由so…that…, such…that…引导。

  倒装句: 谓语的一片段或许全部位于主语从前的语句称为倒装句。

It’s sohot that we want to go swimming.

  壹、THERE BE句型以及以here、there开首的句子。如: There are a lot of
children in the showroom. (在展览室里有许多的小不点儿。)/ Here comes the
bus. (公共交通车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened
and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进入。)

That’ssuch an interesting story that everybody likes it.

  贰、用“So / Nor / Neither + 助动词 +
主语”倒装结构意味着第四个人物的处境与上文的职员情状1模壹样。如:汤姆 went to
the beach last week, and, so did I. (汤姆上个星期去了沙滩,小编也是。) / Li
Mei’s bought nothing from the shop. Neither has 吉姆.
(李梅未有在店里买怎么,吉米也远非买。)

*So… that…与简短句之间的句型转换

  3、在难点句中,平常采纳在主语以前放置助动词的倒装方法,对主语提问除此而外。如:How
did he find the lost book? (他是哪些找到丢失的书的?) / Where are they
going to spend the summer vacation? (他们打算到哪儿过暑假?)

壹) that后的语句是不是定句,常用too…to进行更换。

  四、惊讶句中1般将被惊叹的局地前移,而将句子的主谓语全体前置。
如:What a beautiful flower (it is)! (那是多卓越的花!)

He is soyoung that he can’t go to school.à he is too young to go to
school.

  5、有引号引用某人的原话时,引号外面包车型客车主谓壹般选取倒装方式放在句尾,不过,若主语是代词则不倒装。如:“What
on earth are you doing up there?” said the father.
(老爹说:“你在上方到底怎么?”) / “What on earth are you doing up
there?”he said. (他说:“你在上面到底干什么?”)

二) that后的句子是肯定句。常用enough to 实行更换。

  附加注释

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough
forhim to buy.

  die、dead、death的用法:die是动词,能够单独做谓语,有各类时态变化,也得以改为非谓语方式作句子的其他成分;dead是形容词,作句子的定语、表语或宾语补足语;death是名词,作句子的主语、宾语等。如:I’m
going to die! (作者要死了!) / The man has been dead for about three
months. (那个家伙死了7个月左右。) / He is worried to death.
(他急得要死。)

陆.目标状语从句

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目标状语从句常用的指点词有so that, in order that 等àin order to 简单句

  尤其表明:由于外省点境况的随地调整与转移,腾讯网网所提供的有所考试音信仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的行业内部新闻为准。

Pleasesay it in a loud voice so that everyone can hear it.

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

  1. 低头状语从句

引导词有though, although, even if, even though(固然)等。

He oftenhelps others though\ although he is not rich.

They willstand by you even if you don’t succeed.

*Though, although与but 不能够同时出现在1个句子中

八.相比状语从句

正如状语从句由than, as…as…, not as\so… as等引导。(比较级)

He ismore outgoing than I.

He ran asfast as Mike.

二、练习

  1. It’squite common in Britain to say “thankyou”tothe drivers _____
    people getoff the bus.

a.after b. since c. until d. when

  1. Theart club is for members only. You can’t go in ____you are a
    member.

a.unless b. because c. if d. though

  1. Nowmany parents send their children to foreign countries, _____
    they want them toget a better education.

a.until b. though c. because

  1. —-What would some students like to do after finishing their
    education?

—- They would like to start towork_______ they needn’t depend
on their parents completely.

a. assoon as b. so that c. before d. while

考试场点伍 定语从句

修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,教导定语从句的词叫关系词(关系代词和关联副词)。

一.关乎代词的着力用法

作主语

作宾语

作定语

指人

who\that

who\whom\that\省略

whose

指物

which\that

which\that\省略

whose

The man __________spokeat the meeting is from Hong Kong.
(指人作主语)

Thebuilding ___________is being built will be used as a
hospital.(指物作主语)

I visiteda scientist _______ name is known all over the world.
(指人作定语)

  1. 关系代词特殊用法

(1)当提到代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词要与先行词保持一致。

He is oneof the boys who ______ (like) playing football.

He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing
football.

(二) 日常以下八种状态涉及代词只可以用that而无法用which.

一) 先行词为all, much, something, everything, nothing,little, none, the
one 等不定代词时

二)先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。

三)超过行词被the only, the very, the just等修饰时。

四)先行词中既有人又有物时。

  1. 论及副词的中央用法。

1) when 在句中作状语,表示时间。

二) where 在句中作状语,表示地方。.

三) why 在句中作状语,表示原因。

Heremembers the day _______ he joined the League.

This isthe reason_______ he is late today.

This isthe place _______ Lu Xun was born.

练习

一、用括号内所给的动词的稳妥格局填空。

  1. Mrs.Wang said that she ______(buy) a new car the next day.

  2. OurEnglish teacher told us that Christmas ________(be) on
    December 25.

  3. I’lltell you as soon as Kate ______(come) here.

  4. Couldyou tell me when your father ______(go) to New York? When
    he ______(go) there,we’llsee him off.

  5. Homewith Kids is one of the TV sitcoms that _______(make) us
    laugh again and again.

2、单项选取

  1. Couldyou please keep the windows______? It’s so hot in the
    room.

a. open b. opens c. opened d. opening

  1. Workhard, _____ you’ll fall behind your classmates.

a. and b. but c. or d. so

  1. Benasked me ______ I had read the news in today’s newspaper.

a. that b. if c. what d. when

  1. —-Can you tell me _____?

—- Of course. He comes from Japan.

a. where does he come from b. where is he from

c. where he comes from d. where he wants to go

  1. Cathylikes comedies, _____ they’re very funny.

a. if b. so c. because d. until

  1. Hisbrother has been to Stone Forest twice_____ he came to
    Yunnan.

a. after b. before c. since d. for

  1. Theypiled the snow in one place ______ the children could make
    a snowman.

a. so that b. when c. because d. until

  1. —-Iwon’t go to the party tomorrow.

—-_____ you told me you would. What’shappening?

a. But b. So c. And d. Or

  1. Mr.Brown knows little Japanese, ______ he can’t understand the
    instructions on thebottle of the pills.

a. so b. or c. but d. for

  1. Youwill be late ____ you hurry up.

a. after b. when c. unless d. if

  1. Somepeople like to play mahjong, ____ others don’t.

a. when b. while c. as d. since

  1. ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.

a. Though, but b. Because, so c. Though, \ d. Because,\

  1. Thisis the most interesting book____ I’ve read before.

a. that b. which c. who d. a&b

  1. Thisis the room in ____Chairman Mao lived.

a. that b. which c.who d. whom

15.August 1. 1927 was the day ____ the PLA was founded.

a. that b. which c. where d. when

  1. I like the place ____ I canhave a good time.

a. that b. which c. whered. when

三、写出下列句子的同义词,每空一词。

  1. The foreigners want to know howthey can learn Chinese kung fu well.

Theforeigners want to know ______ ______ learn Chinese kung
fu well.

  1. When does the train leave? I want toknow.

I want to know ________the train _________

  1. “Do you want to try somethingnew?” Tom’s mother asked him.

Tom’ mother asked him_____________ _______ to try
something new.

  1. You must be quick. If not, you’llmiss the early bus.

________ quick , ______ you willmiss the early bus.

  1. Jim’s mother let him watch TVafter he finished his homework.

Jim’s mother________ let him watchTV_______ he finished
his homework.

  1. You shouldn’t tell him your address, Ithink.

I ________ think you ______ tell him youraddress.

  1. He ran so fast that we couldn’t catch upwith him.

He ran ____ fast ______ _____________ catch up
with.

  1. This shirt was so cheap that becould buy it.

This shirt was _____ _______ ________
_______________ buy.

  1. He worked hard so that he couldmake more money.

He worked hard______ _______ ______ make moremoney.

  1. Because it snowed heavily, thetraffic had to stop.

The traffic had to stop ______ _______ the_______
snow.

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